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You Are Here: Locations > Philippines > Geography

Philippines

GEOGRAPHY
Location:
  Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam
Geographic Coordinates:
  13 00 N, 122 00 E
Map References:
  Southeast Asia
Area:
  total: 300,000 sq km
land: 298,170 sq km
water: 1,830 sq km
Area - Comparative:
  slightly larger than Arizona
Land Boundaries:
  0 km
Coastline:
  36,289 km
Maritime Claims:
  measured from claimed archipelagic baselines continental shelf: to depth of exploitation exclusive economic zone: 200 nm territorial sea: irregular polygon extending up to 100 nm from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China Sea up to 285 nm in breadth
Climate:
  tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)
Terrain:
  mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands
Land Use:
  arable land: 19%
permanent crops: 12%
permanent pastures: 4%
forests and woodland: 46%
other: 19% (1993 est.)
Irrigated Land :
  15,800 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural Hazards:
  astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis
Environment - Current Issues:
  uncontrolled deforestation in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in Manila; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps which are important fish breeding grounds
Environment - International Agreements:
  party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification


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