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India

PEOPLE
Population:
  1,000,848,550 (July 1999 est.)
Age Structure:
  0-14 years: 34% (male 175,463,726; female 165,722,164)
15-64 years: 61% (male 318,004,920; female 295,245,556)
65 years and over: 5% (male 23,571,270; female 22,840,914) (1999 est.)
Population Growth Rate:
  1.68% (1999 est.)
Birth Rate:
  25.39 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)
Death Rate:
  8.5 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)
Net Migration Rate:
  -0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)
Sex Ratio:
  at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.03 male(s)/female
total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (1999 est.)
Infant Mortality Rate:
  60.81 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)
Life Expectancy at Birth:
  total population: 63.4 years
male: 62.54 years
female: 64.29 years (1999 est.)
Total Fertility Rate:
  3.18 children born/woman (1999 est.)
Nationality:
  noun: Indian(s)
adjective: Indian
Ethnic Groups:
  Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3%
Religions:
  Hindu 80%, Muslim 14%, Christian 2.4%, Sikh 2%, Buddhist 0.7%, Jains 0.5%, other 0.4%
Languages:
  English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication, Hindi the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people, Bengali (official), Telugu (official), Marathi (official), Tamil (official), Urdu (official), Gujarati (official), Malayalam (official), Kannada (official), Oriya (official), Punjabi (official), Assamese (official), Kashmiri (official), Sindhi (official), Sanskrit (official), Hindustani (a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India)
note: 24 languages each spoken by a million or more persons; numerous other languages and dialects, for the most part mutually unintelligible
Literacy:
  definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 52%
male
: 65.5%
female: 37.7% (1995 est.)


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