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You Are Here: Locations > Canada > Geography

Canada

GEOGRAPHY
Location:
  Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and North Pacific Ocean, north of the conterminous US
Geographic Coordinates:
  60 00 N, 95 00 W
Map References:
  North America
Area:
  total: 9,976,140 sq km
land: 9,220,970 sq km
water: 755,170 sq km
Area - Comparative:
  slightly larger than the US
Land Boundaries:
  total: 8,893 km
border countries: US 8,893 km (includes 2,477 km with Alaska)
Coastline:
  243,791 km
Maritime Claims:
  continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate:
  varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north
Terrain:
  mostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast
Land Use:
  arable land: 5%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 3%
forests and woodland: 54%
other: 38% (1993 est.)
Irrigated Land :
  7,100 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural Hazards:
  continuous permafrost in north is a serious obstacle to development; cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains, a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic, Pacific, and North American interior, and produce most of the country's rain and snow
Environment - Current Issues:
  air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affecting lakes and damaging forests; metal smelting, coal-burning utilities, and vehicle emissions impacting on agricultural and forest productivity; ocean waters becoming contaminated due to agricultural, industrial, mining, and forestry activities
Environment - International Agreements:
  party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation


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